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Bolsonaro Contests Brazil Election, Demands Votes Be Anulled

BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) — Greater than three weeks after shedding a reelection bid, President Jair Bolsonaro on Tuesday blamed a software program bug and demanded the electoral authority annul votes solid on most of Brazil’s nation’s digital voting machines, although impartial specialists say the bug doesn’t have an effect on the reliability of outcomes.

Such an motion would depart Bolsonaro with 51% of the remaining legitimate votes — and a reelection victory, Marcelo de Bessa, the lawyer who filed the 33-page request on behalf of the president and his Liberal Occasion, instructed reporters.

The electoral authority has already declared victory for Bolsonaro’s nemesis, leftist former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and even lots of the president’s allies have accepted the outcomes. Protesters in cities throughout the nation have steadfastly refused to do the identical, significantly with Bolsonaro declining to concede.

Liberal Occasion chief Valdemar Costa and an auditor employed by the social gathering instructed reporters in Brasilia that their analysis discovered all machines courting from earlier than 2020 — almost 280,000 of them, or about 59% of the entire used within the Oct. 30 runoff — lacked particular person identification numbers in inner logs.

Neither defined how which may have affected election outcomes, however mentioned they have been asking the electoral authority to invalidate all votes solid on these machines.

The criticism characterised the bug as “irreparable non-compliance due to malfunction” that known as into query the authenticity of the outcomes.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who’s operating for an additional time period, provides a thumbs up after voting in a run-off presidential election in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Sunday, Oct. 30, 2022. (AP Photograph/Bruna Prado, Pool)

Alexandre de Moraes mentioned the courtroom wouldn’t contemplate the criticism until the social gathering presents an amended report inside 24 hours that would come with outcomes from the primary electoral spherical on Oct. 2, by which the Liberal Occasion gained extra seats in each congressional homes than every other.

The bug hadn’t been recognized beforehand, but specialists mentioned it additionally doesn’t have an effect on outcomes. Every voting machine can nonetheless be simply recognized by way of different means, like its metropolis and voting district, in accordance with Wilson Ruggiero, a professor of laptop engineering and digital programs on the Polytechnic College of the College of Sao Paulo.

Diego Aranha, an affiliate professor of programs safety at Aarhus College in Denmark, who has participated in official safety checks of Brazil’s electoral system, agreed.

“It does not undermine the reliability or credibility in any way,” Ruggiero instructed The Related Press by cellphone. “The key point that guarantees correctness is the digital signature associated with each voting machine.”

Whereas the machines don’t have particular person identification numbers of their inner logs, these numbers do seem on printed receipts that present the sum of all votes solid for every candidate, mentioned Aranha, including the bug was solely detected because of the efforts by the electoral authority to offer better transparency.

Many have been protesting relentlessly, making claims of election fraud and demanding that the armed forces intervene.

Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva speaks at a meeting with youth activists at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Thursday, Nov. 17, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva speaks at a gathering with youth activists on the COP27 U.N. Local weather Summit, Thursday, Nov. 17, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photograph/Peter Dejong)

Dozens of Bolsonaro supporters gathered exterior the information convention on Tuesday, decked out within the inexperienced and yellow of Brazil’s flag and chanting patriotic songs. Some verbally attacked and pushed journalists making an attempt to enter the venue.

Bolsonaro spent greater than a 12 months claiming Brazil’s digital voting system is vulnerable to fraud, with out ever presenting proof.

Brazil started utilizing an digital voting system in 1996 and election safety specialists contemplate such programs much less safe than hand-marked paper ballots, as a result of they go away no auditable paper path. However Brazil’s system has been intently scrutinized by home and worldwide specialists who’ve by no means discovered proof of it being exploited to commit fraud.

The Senate’s president, Rodrigo Pacheco, mentioned Tuesday afternoon that the election outcomes are “unquestionable.”

Bolsonaro has been virtually utterly secluded within the official residence since his Oct. 30 defeat, inviting widespread hypothesis as as to whether he’s dejected or plotting to cling to energy.

In an interview with newspaper O Globo, Vice President Hamilton Mourão chalked up Bolsonaro’s absence to erysipelas, a pores and skin an infection on his legs that he mentioned prevents the president from sporting pants.

“We always distrusted these machines. … We want a massive audit,” the youthful Bolsonaro mentioned final week at a convention in Mexico Metropolis. “There is very strong evidence to order an investigation of Brazil’s election.”

For its audit, the Liberal Occasion employed the Authorized Vote Institute, a bunch that has been crucial of the present system, saying it defies the legislation by failing to offer a digital file of each particular person vote.

In a separate report offered earlier this month, the Brazilian army mentioned there have been flaws within the nation’s electoral programs and proposed enhancements, however didn’t substantiate claims of fraud from a few of Bolsonaro’s supporters.

Analysts have recommended that the armed forces, which have been a key part of Bolsonaro’s administration, might have maintained a semblance of uncertainty over the problem to keep away from displeasing the president. In a subsequent assertion, the Protection Ministry careworn that whereas it had not discovered any proof of fraud within the vote counting, it couldn’t exclude that risk.

Biller reported from Rio de Janeiro. Related Press author Mark Stevenson in Mexico Metropolis contributed to this report.



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